mongodb 4.0副本集搭建的全过程

前言

近期有同学问mongodb副本集难不难部署,我的回答是不难,很快,几分钟搞定,比mysql MHA简单的不止一点半点。 那么到底如何部署呢?请看下文。

1.  准备工作

1.1 下载软件

选择版本并下载mongodb的软件,注意操作系统版本等。本次我选用的是percona分支的mongodb 4.2.8版本搭建,操作系统为centos6

cd /usr/local/
wget https://www.percona.com/downloads/percona-server-mongodb-LATEST/percona-server-mongodb-4.2.8-8/binary/tarball/percona-server-mongodb-4.2.8-8-centos6-x86_64.tar.gz
tar -zxvf percona-server-mongodb-4.2.8-8-centos6-x86_64.tar.gz
ln -s percona-server-mongodb-4.2.8-8 mongodb

1.2  规划各节点角色

各节点角色如下

IP  port  role 192.168.128.208 27017 PRIMARY 192.168.128.209 27017 SECONDARY 192.168.128.209 28017 ARBITER

2  部署

2.1  创建各节点相关目录

创建数据目录、日志目录等相关目录

[root@m1 ~]# mkdir -p /data/mongodb/27017/{data,logs,tmp,etc,keyfile}
[root@m1 ~]# cd /data/mongodb/27017/
[root@m1 27017]# ll
总用量 20
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 8月 7 16:59 data
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 8月 7 16:59 etc
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 8月 7 16:59 keyfile
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 8月 7 16:59 logs
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 8月 7 16:59 tmp

2.2  配置文件

创建配置文件,并添加对应的配置信息,注意仲裁节点的端口

[root@m1 27017]# cd /data/mongodb/27017/etc/
[root@m1 etc]# vim mongod.conf
添加如下内容

storage:
 dbPath: /data/mongodb/27017/data
 journal:
 enabled: true
systemLog:
 destination: file
 logAppend: true
 path: /data/mongodb/27017/logs/mongod.log
processManagement:
 fork: true
 pidFilePath: /data/mongodb/27017/tmp/mongod.pid
net:
 port: 27017
 bindIp: 0.0.0.0replication:  replSetName: "test1"     # 副本集名称

2.3   启动各节点

以其中一个节点为例,其他节点修改对应配置文件即可

[root@m1 local]# /usr/local/mongodb/bin/mongod -f /data/mongodb/27017/etc/mongod.conf 
about to fork child process, waiting until server is ready for connections.
forked process: 30019
child process started successfully, parent exiting

2.4  初始化副本集

初始化副本集,指定各节点id及角色,注意副本集的名称和配置文件里一致。

在任意节点执行如下语句

> use admin
switched to db admin
> rs.initiate( {
... _id: "test1",
... members: [
... { _id: 0, host: "192.168.128.208:27017" },
... { _id: 1, host: "192.168.128.209:27017" },
... { _id: 2, host: "192.168.128.209:28017",arbiterOnly:true }
... ] })
{
 "ok" : 1,
 "$clusterTime" : {
  "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1596792682, 1),
  "signature" : {
   "hash" : BinData(0,"AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA="),
   "keyId" : NumberLong(0)
  }
 },
 "operationTime" : Timestamp(1596792682, 1)
}

完成后可以查看各集群状态,如下,可见当前192.168.128.208:27017 为PRIMARY节点

test1:PRIMARY> rs.status()
{
 "set" : "test1",
 "date" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:24.454Z"),
 "myState" : 1,
 "term" : NumberLong(1),
 "syncingTo" : "",
 "syncSourceHost" : "",
 "syncSourceId" : -1,
 "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : NumberLong(2000),
 "majorityVoteCount" : 2,
 "writeMajorityCount" : 2,
 "optimes" : {
  "lastCommittedOpTime" : {
   "ts" : Timestamp(1596798563, 1),
   "t" : NumberLong(1)
  },
  "lastCommittedWallTime" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:23.663Z"),
  "readConcernMajorityOpTime" : {
   "ts" : Timestamp(1596798563, 1),
   "t" : NumberLong(1)
  },
  "readConcernMajorityWallTime" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:23.663Z"),
  "appliedOpTime" : {
   "ts" : Timestamp(1596798563, 1),
   "t" : NumberLong(1)
  },
  "durableOpTime" : {
   "ts" : Timestamp(1596798563, 1),
   "t" : NumberLong(1)
  },
  "lastAppliedWallTime" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:23.663Z"),
  "lastDurableWallTime" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:23.663Z")
 },
 "lastStableRecoveryTimestamp" : Timestamp(1596798513, 1),
 "lastStableCheckpointTimestamp" : Timestamp(1596798513, 1),
 "electionCandidateMetrics" : {
  "lastElectionReason" : "electionTimeout",
  "lastElectionDate" : ISODate("2020-08-07T09:31:33.409Z"),
  "electionTerm" : NumberLong(1),
  "lastCommittedOpTimeAtElection" : {
   "ts" : Timestamp(0, 0),
   "t" : NumberLong(-1)
  },
  "lastSeenOpTimeAtElection" : {
   "ts" : Timestamp(1596792682, 1),
   "t" : NumberLong(-1)
  },
  "numVotesNeeded" : 2,
  "priorityAtElection" : 1,
  "electionTimeoutMillis" : NumberLong(10000),
  "numCatchUpOps" : NumberLong(0),
  "newTermStartDate" : ISODate("2020-08-07T09:31:33.444Z"),
  "wMajorityWriteAvailabilityDate" : ISODate("2020-08-07T09:31:34.050Z")
 },
 "members" : [
  {
   "_id" : 0,
   "name" : "192.168.128.208:27017",
   "health" : 1,
   "state" : 1,
   "stateStr" : "PRIMARY",
   "uptime" : 5950,
   "optime" : {
    "ts" : Timestamp(1596798563, 1),
    "t" : NumberLong(1)
   },
   "optimeDate" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:23Z"),
   "syncingTo" : "",
   "syncSourceHost" : "",
   "syncSourceId" : -1,
   "infoMessage" : "",
   "electionTime" : Timestamp(1596792693, 1),
   "electionDate" : ISODate("2020-08-07T09:31:33Z"),
   "configVersion" : 1,
   "self" : true,
   "lastHeartbeatMessage" : ""
  },
  {
   "_id" : 1,
   "name" : "192.168.128.209:27017",
   "health" : 1,
   "state" : 2,
   "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",
   "uptime" : 5882,
   "optime" : {
    "ts" : Timestamp(1596798563, 1),
    "t" : NumberLong(1)
   },
   "optimeDurable" : {
    "ts" : Timestamp(1596798563, 1),
    "t" : NumberLong(1)
   },
   "optimeDate" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:23Z"),
   "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:23Z"),
   "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:23.672Z"),
   "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:22.804Z"),
   "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
   "lastHeartbeatMessage" : "",
   "syncingTo" : "192.168.128.208:27017",
   "syncSourceHost" : "192.168.128.208:27017",
   "syncSourceId" : 0,
   "infoMessage" : "",
   "configVersion" : 1
  },
  {
   "_id" : 2,
   "name" : "192.168.128.209:28017",
   "health" : 1,
   "state" : 7,
   "stateStr" : "ARBITER",
   "uptime" : 5882,
   "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:23.672Z"),
   "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2020-08-07T11:09:22.952Z"),
   "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
   "lastHeartbeatMessage" : "",
   "syncingTo" : "",
   "syncSourceHost" : "",
   "syncSourceId" : -1,
   "infoMessage" : "",
   "configVersion" : 1
  }
 ],
 "ok" : 1,
 "$clusterTime" : {
  "clusterTime" : Timestamp(1596798563, 1),
  "signature" : {
   "hash" : BinData(0,"AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA="),
   "keyId" : NumberLong(0)
  }
 },
 "operationTime" : Timestamp(1596798563, 1)
}
test1:PRIMARY>

mongodb 4.0副本集搭建的全过程

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