vs2019 下用 vb.net编写窗体程序连接 mongodb4.2的方法

说起来,查看Mongodb官方的接口文档是场噩梦,尽管mongodb官方花了大力气整顿了它的API,但是简单的接口罗列,0代码示范,让人无从开始。幸亏有很多天才,成功破译,我才得以沿着他们走的路,照猫画虎的走下去。整个项目结构如下:

vs2019 下用 vb.net编写窗体程序连接 mongodb4.2的方法

类文件中vbtest.vb数据库实体类对应着mongodb文档vbtest,用于数据操作测试

Imports MongoDB.Bson

Public Class vbtest
 Public _id As ObjectId
 Public content As String
End Class

vs2019 下用 vb.net编写窗体程序连接 mongodb4.2的方法

(optional)vbmongo.vb是绑定好数据库实体类vbtest的版本

Imports MongoDB.Bson
Imports MongoDB.Driver

Public Class vbmongo
 Public client
 Public collection As IMongoCollection(Of vbtest)
 Public database As IMongoDatabase
 Public mlist As List(Of vbtest)
 Public builder As FilterDefinitionBuilder(Of vbtest) = New FilterDefinitionBuilder(Of vbtest)
 Public filter As FilterDefinition(Of vbtest)
 Public Sub New(ByVal dbname As String, ByVal collectionname As String)
  client = New MongoClient("mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017")
  database = client.GetDatabase(dbname)
  collection = database.GetCollection(Of vbtest)(collectionname)
 End Sub

 Public Async Function loadrecords() As Task(Of List(Of vbtest))
  filter = builder.Ne(Of ObjectId)("_id", New ObjectId())//_id不等于空的记录,通过这种方法蹩脚的实现了查找全部的功能Builder的大多数条件设置函数都用到了泛型Ne(Of TField)
  Dim mlist As List(Of vbtest) = Await collection.Find(filter).ToListAsync()//TField可以理解为 type of field 对应的是实体类中字段的数据类型例如 OBjectId或者String等等
  Return mlist
 End Function
 Public Async Function loadone(ByVal _id As String) As Task(Of vbtest)
  filter = builder.Eq(Of ObjectId)("_id", New ObjectId(_id))
  Dim mlist As vbtest = Await collection.Find(filter).FirstOrDefaultAsync()
  Return mlist
 End Function

 Public Async Function updateone(ByVal _id As String, ByVal doc As vbtest) As Task(Of vbtest)
  filter = builder.Eq(Of ObjectId)("_id", New ObjectId(_id))
  Dim up As UpdateDefinitionBuilder(Of vbtest) = New UpdateDefinitionBuilder(Of vbtest)()
  Dim updef As UpdateDefinition(Of vbtest)
  updef = up.Set(Of String)("content", doc.content)
  '.Set(Of String)("content", doc)
  collection.UpdateOneAsync(filter, updef)
 End Function

End Class

说起来mongodb的连接可以分几步,根据连接字符串打开链接,获取数据库,获取文档,进而在文档的基础上进行增删改查。对于vb.net操作mongodb,完全是根据c#的操作范例,根据vb.net的语法特点临摹出来的。

首先需要对项目进行Nuget包的安装,我们要搜寻的是MongoDB.Driver

vs2019 下用 vb.net编写窗体程序连接 mongodb4.2的方法

这里创建了一个vb.net的泛型类vbmongoT,只写了单个查找,查找列表和更新操作,函数中大量成对出现了Async和Await关键字,用于标识该功能使用了异步编程,在窗体程序中进行调用的时候,仍需要在成对的使用Async Await的关键字,因为异步函数返回的往往是Task<TResult>类型(c#)或者 Task(Of TResult) (vb.net)需要在调用函数体中使用await关键字拿到最终结果Imports MongoDB.BsonImports MongoDB.Driver

Public Class vbmongoT(Of T)
 Public client
 Public collection As IMongoCollection(Of T)
 Public database As IMongoDatabase
 Public mlist As List(Of T)
 Public builder As FilterDefinitionBuilder(Of T) = New FilterDefinitionBuilder(Of T)
 Public up As UpdateDefinitionBuilder(Of T)
 Public updef As UpdateDefinition(Of T)
 Public filter As FilterDefinition(Of T)
 Public Sub New(ByVal dbname As String, ByVal collectionname As String)
  client = New MongoClient("mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017")
  database = client.GetDatabase(dbname)
  collection = database.GetCollection(Of T)(collectionname)
 End Sub

 Public Async Function loadrecords() As Task(Of List(Of T))
  filter = builder.Ne(Of ObjectId)("_id", New ObjectId())
  Dim mlist As List(Of T) = Await collection.Find(filter).ToListAsync()
  Return mlist
 End Function
 Public Async Function loadone(ByVal _id As String) As Task(Of T)
  filter = builder.Eq(Of ObjectId)("_id", New ObjectId(_id))//_id满足查找条件的记录,Builder的大多数条件设置函数都用到了泛型:例如Ne(Of TField)
  Dim mlist As T = Await collection.Find(filter).FirstOrDefaultAsync() 
  Return mlist 
 End Function 
 Public Async Function updateone(ByVal filter As FilterDefinition(Of T), ByVal updef As UpdateDefinition(Of T)) As Task(Of T) 
  'updef = up.Set(Of String)("content", doc.content) '.Set(Of String)("content", doc) 
  Await collection.UpdateOneAsync(filter, updef) 
 End Function 
End Class

vs2019 下用 vb.net编写窗体程序连接 mongodb4.2的方法

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