js canvas实现俄罗斯方块

本文实例为大家分享了canvas实现俄罗斯方块的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
 <meta charset="UTF-8">
 <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
 <title>Document</title>
</head>
<body style="margin: 0;">
 <canvas id="tetris" style="border: 1px solid #000;"></canvas>
 <div id="text" style='color: red;font-size: 30px;'>当前分数:0</div>
</body>
<script>
 let cav = document.getElementById('tetris')
 let text = document.getElementById('text')
 let ctx = cav.getContext('2d')
 let k = 40 //倍数
 let speed = 1000
 let grade = 0
 let restartFlag = false
 let timer = null
 let curGraphPositionList = []
 let curtype = undefined
 let transformNum = 0
 let blockGraph = Array(10)
 let beforeUpdateGraph = []
 for(let i = 0;i<blockGraph.length;i++){
  blockGraph[i] = Array(20)
 }
 cav.width = 10*k 
 cav.height = 20*k
 ctx.fillStyle="yellow"
 ctx.strokeStyle="black"
 function ramdomRectType(){
  return Math.floor((Math.random()*7)+1)
 }
 function randomXposition(){
  return Math.floor(Math.random()*10)
 }
 function drawRect(position,width){
  ctx.beginPath()
  ctx.rect(position[0],position[1],width,width)
  ctx.fill();
  ctx.stroke()
 }
 function drawGraph(positionList){
  if(positionList.length===0){
   return
  }
  for(let item of positionList){
   let x= item[0]*k
   let y= item[1]*k
   let position = [x,y]
   drawRect(position,k)
  }
 }
 function isOut(position,xOry){//x:0,y:1
  if(xOry===0){
   if(position<0||position>9){
    return true
   }else{
    return false
   }
  }else{
   if(position<0||position>19){
    return true
   }else{
    return false
   }
  }
 }
 function randomRectShape(){
  let rposition = randomXposition()
  let type = ramdomRectType()
  curtype = type
  transformNum = 0
  let positionList = []
  let one = []
  let two = []
  let three = []
  let four = []
  switch(type){
   case 1:
    if(isOut(rposition+2,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition+2,0]
     two = [rposition,1]
     three = [rposition+1,1]
     four = [rposition+2,1]
    }
    break;
   case 2:
    if(isOut(rposition+2,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition,0]
     two = [rposition,1]
     three = [rposition+1,1]
     four = [rposition+2,1]
    }
    break;
   case 3:
    if(isOut(rposition+2,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition+1,0]
     two = [rposition+2,0]
     three = [rposition,1]
     four = [rposition+1,1]
    }
    break;
   case 4:
    if(isOut(rposition+2,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition,0]
     two = [rposition+1,0]
     three = [rposition+1,1]
     four = [rposition+2,1]
    }
    break;
   case 5:
    if(isOut(rposition+2,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition+1,0]
     two = [rposition,1]
     three = [rposition+1,1]
     four = [rposition+2,1]
    }
    break;
   case 6:
    if(isOut(rposition+1,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition,0]
     two = [rposition+1,0]
     three = [rposition,1]
     four = [rposition+1,1]
    }
    break;
   case 7:
    if(isOut(rposition+3,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition,0]
     two = [rposition+1,0]
     three = [rposition+2,0]
     four = [rposition+3,0]
    }
    break;
  }
  positionList.push(one,two,three,four)
  return positionList
 }
 function clearRect(position,width){
  ctx.clearRect(position[0]*k-1,position[1]*k-1,width+2,width+2)
 }
 function clearGraph(curGraphPositionList){
  if(curGraphPositionList.length===0){
   return 
  }
  for(let item of curGraphPositionList){
   clearRect(item,k)
  }
 }
 function clearGraphList(){
  let graphList = []
  for(let i = 0;i< blockGraph.length;i++){
   for(let j =0;j< blockGraph[i].length;j++){
    if(blockGraph[i][j]===1){
     graphList.push([i,j])
    }
   }
  }
  clearGraph(graphList)
 }
 function isTouchOtherBlock(position){
  return blockGraph[position[0]][position[1]] === 1
 }
 function updateBlockGraph(graphPositionList){
  for(let i =0;i<graphPositionList.length;i++){
   let x = parseInt(graphPositionList[i][0]) 
   let y = parseInt(graphPositionList[i][1])
   blockGraph[x][y] = 1
  }
  let transformArray = []
  for(let i=0;i<20;i++){
   let arr = blockGraph.map((item)=>{
    return item[i]
   })
   transformArray.push(arr)
  }
  let flagList = []
  for(let i in transformArray){
   let flag = 1
   for(let j in transformArray[i]){
    if(transformArray[i][j]!==1){
     flag = 0
     break
    }
   }
   flagList.push(flag)
  }
  let score = flagList.filter((item)=>{
   return item === 1
  })
  if(score.length>0){
   grade = grade + score.length
   text.innerHTML = '当前分数:'+grade
   for(let i in transformArray){
    if(flagList[i]===1){
     for(let j in transformArray[i]){
      transformArray[i][j]=undefined
     }
    }
   }
   let hasBlockList = []
   for(let i in transformArray){
    let flagOfHasBlock = 0
    for(let j in transformArray[i]){
     if(transformArray[i][j]!==undefined){
      flagOfHasBlock = 1
      break
     }
    }
    hasBlockList.push(flagOfHasBlock)
   }
   for(let i = transformArray.length -1 ;i>=0;i--){
    if(hasBlockList[i]===1){
     let count = 0
     for(let j = i ;j<19;j++){
      if(hasBlockList[j+1]===0){
       count++
      }else{
       break
      }
     }
     if(count===0){
      continue
     }
     for(let j in transformArray[i]){
      if(transformArray[i][j]===1){
       transformArray[i][j] = undefined
       transformArray[i+count][j] = 1
      }
     }
     hasBlockList[i]=0
     hasBlockList[i+count]=1
    }
   }
   let newBlockGraph = []
   for(let i=0;i<10;i++){
    let arr = transformArray.map((item)=>{
     return item[i]
    })
    newBlockGraph.push(arr)
   }
   clearGraphList()
   blockGraph = newBlockGraph
  }
 }
 function movePosition(curGraphPositionList,direct){
  switch(direct){
   case 'left':
    let minL = Math.min(...curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
     return item[0]
    }))
    if(minL-1<0){
     return curGraphPositionList
    }else{
     let changeFlag = true
     let next = curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
      return [item[0]-1,item[1]]
     })
     for(let item of next){
      if(isTouchOtherBlock(item)){
       changeFlag = false
      }
     }
     if(changeFlag){
      return next
     }else{
      return curGraphPositionList
     }
    }
    break;
   case 'right':
    let maxR = Math.max(...curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
     return item[0]
    }))
    if(maxR+1>9){
     return curGraphPositionList
    }else{
     let changeFlag = true
     let next = curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
      return [item[0]+1,item[1]]
     })
     for(let item of next){
      if(isTouchOtherBlock(item)){
       changeFlag = false
      }
     }
     if(changeFlag){
      return next
     }else{
      return curGraphPositionList
     }
    }
    break;
   case 'down':
    let maxD = Math.max(...curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
     return item[1]
    }))
    if(maxD>18){
     updateBlockGraph(curGraphPositionList)
     restartFlag = true
     return curGraphPositionList
    }else{
     let changeFlag = true
     let next = curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
      return [item[0],item[1]+1]
     })
     for(let item of next){
      if(isTouchOtherBlock(item)){
       changeFlag = false
      }
     }
     if(changeFlag){
      return next
     }else{
      updateBlockGraph(curGraphPositionList)
      restartFlag = true
      return curGraphPositionList
     }
    }
    break;
  }
 }
 function checkOver(positionList){
  for(let i in positionList){
   let x = positionList[i][0]
   let y = positionList[i][1]
   if(blockGraph[x][y]===1){
    over()
    alert('游戏结束')
    return true
   }
  }
  return false
 }
 function drawGraphList(){
  let graphList = []
  for(let i = 0;i< blockGraph.length;i++){
   for(let j =0;j< blockGraph[i].length;j++){
    if(blockGraph[i][j]===1){
     graphList.push([i,j])
    }
   }
  }
  drawGraph(graphList)
 }
 function isComplexData (data) {
  if(data=http://www.cppcns.com/wangluo/javascript/==null||data===undefined){
   return false
  }
  let flag = data.constructor===Array||data.constructor===Object
  return flag
 }

 function deepCopy (data) {
  if(!isComplexData (data)){
   return data
  }
  let result = null
  if(data.constructor===Array){
   result = []
  }else{
   result = {}
  }
  for(let i in data){
   result[i] = deepCopy (data[i])
  }
  return result
 }

 function move(direct){
  clearGraph(curGraphPositionList)
  curGraphPositionList = movePosition(curGraphPositionList,direct)
  if(restartFlag){
   drawGraphList(blockGraph)
  }else{
   drawGraph(curGraphPositionList)
  }
 }
 function transform (curtype) {
  let checkArr = deepCopy(curGraphPositionList)
  if(transformNum>=3){
   transformNum = 0
  }else{
   transformNum++
  }
  switch(curtype){
   case 1:
    caseOne(checkArr)
    break;
   case 2:
    caseTwo(checkArr)
    break;
   case 3:
    caseThree(checkArr)
    break;
   case 4:
    caseFour(checkArr)
    break;
   case 5:
    caseFive(checkArr)
    break;
   case 6:
    caseSix(checkArr)
    break;
   case 7:
    caseSeven(checkArr)
    break;
  }
  //start check outside
  let outflag = false
  let xArr = checkArr.map((item)=>{
   return item[0]
  })
  let yArr = checkArr.map((item)=>{
   return item[1]
  })
  for(let item of xArr){
   if(isOut(item,0)){
    outflag = true
   }
  }
  for(let item of yArr){
   if(isOut(item,1)){
    outflag = true
   }
  }
  if(outflag){
   if(transformNum

js canvas实现俄罗斯方块

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