Html5调用手机摄像头并实现人脸识别的实现

需求

混合App开发,原生壳子+webApp,在web部分调用原生摄像头功能并且在网页指定区域显示摄像头内容,同时可以手动拍照并进行人脸识别,将识别结果显示在网页上。

技术栈

vue、Html5、video标签、Android、IOS、百度AI

分析

1、使用navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia调用系统原生摄像头功能
2、video标签显示摄像头内容
3、canvas标签获取图片
4、将图像上传服务器,通过百度AI识别图片
5、web显示识别结果

核心代码

1、调用系统原生摄像头功能并使用video标签显示html:

      <video
        id="webcam"
        :style="videoStyle"
        :width="videoWidth"
        :height="videoHeight"
        loop
        preload
      >
      </video>

JavaScript:

 initVideo() {
      let that = this;
      this.video = document.getElementById("webcam");
      setTimeout(() => {
        if (
          navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia ||
          navigator.getUserMedia ||
          navigator.webkitGetUserMedia ||
          navigator.mozGetUserMedia
        ) {
          //调用用户媒体设备, 访问摄像头
          this.getUserMedia(
            {
              video: {
                width: {
                  ideal: that.videoWidth,
                  max: that.videoWidth
                },
                height: {
                  ideal: that.videoHeight,
                  max: that.videoHeight
                },
                facingMode: "user",    //前置摄像头
                frameRate: {
                  ideal: 30,
                  min: 10
                }
              }
            },
            this.videoSuccess,
            this.videoError
          );
        } else {
          this.$toast.center("摄像头打开失败,请检查权限设置!");
        }
      }, 300);
    },
     getUserMedia(constraints, success, error) {
      if (navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia) {
        //最新的标准API
        navigator.mediaDevices
          .getUserMedia(constraints)
          .then(success)
          .catch(error);
      } else if (navigator.webkitGetUserMedia) {
        //webkit核心浏览器
        navigator.webkitGetUserMedia(constraints, success, error);
      } else if (navigator.mozGetUserMedia) {
        //firfox浏览器
        navigator.mozGetUserMedia(constraints, success, error);
      } else if (navigator.getUserMedia) {
        //旧版API
        navigator.getUserMedia(constraints, success, error);
      }
    },
    videoSuccess(stream) {
      this.mediaStreamTrack = stream;
      this.video.srcObject = stream;
      this.video.play();
    },
    videoError(error) {
      console.error(error);
      this.$toast.center("摄像头打开失败,请检查权限设置!");
    },

2、canvas获取摄像头图片

JavaScript:

 this.canvas = document.createElement("canvas");
  ....
 let context = this.canvas.getContext("2d");
 context.drawImage(this.video, 0, 0, this.videoWidth, this.videoHeight);
 this.imgSrc = http://www.cppcns.com/web/html5/this.canvas.toDataURL("image/png");

3、调用百度AI识别图片

JavaScript:

        let that = this;
        let base64Data = http://www.cppcns.com/web/html5/this.canvas.toDataURL();
        let blob = this.dataURItoBlob(base64Data);           //
        var file = new FormData();
        file.append("file", blob);
        file.append("key", that.uuid);
        util.ajax
          .post("XXXXXXXXXX", file, {
            headers: {
              "Content-Type": "multipart/form-data"
            }
          })
          .then(function(response) {
            if ((response.status = 200)) {
                .....识别成功,显示结果
            } else {
                ......识别失败
            }
          })
          .catch(function(error) {
            console.error(error);
          });
          
    //base64转换为Blob
    dataURItoBlob(base64Data) {
      var byteString;
      if (base64Data.split(",")[0].indexOf("base64") >= 0)
        byteString = atob(base64Data.split(",")[1]);
      else byteString = unescape(base64Data.split(",")[1]);
      var mimeString = base64Data
        .split(",")[0]
        .split(":")[1]
        .split(";")[0];
      var ia = new Uint8Array(byteString.length);
      for (var i = 0; i < byteString.length; i++) {
        ia[i] = byteString.charCodeAt(i);
      }
      return new Blob([ia], { type: mimeString });
    },

手机适配

1、由于Android6之后,Android的权限管理出现变化,Android原生的壳子,需要做如下处理:

Html5调用手机摄像头并实现人脸识别的实现

扫一扫手机访问