base64图片在各种浏览器的兼容性处理

IE浏览器目前最高的版本是v11,而微软放弃了IE,转向新的浏览器开发,并取名为Edge。base64图片在IE9及以后的图片均能显示没有问题,而Firefox, Chrome, Safari等非IE浏览器都能正常显示,所以显得IE浏览器比较low。那么兼容性究竟应该怎么来处理呢? 分三种情况。

(1)IE9+、Firefox、Chrome、Safari等浏览器

base64图片在HTML里的标准写法是:

<img src="data:image/jpeg;base64,/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQEASABIAAD/ha6aYeDr18DWornKrlX+/sP/9k=" />

<div style="width:100px; height:100px; background-image:url('data:image/jpeg;base64, /9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQEASABIAAD/ha6aYeDr18DWornKrlX+/sP/9k=')"></div>

javascript给img元素的src属性赋值或是给其他元素的backgroundImage属性赋值都可以正确的显示图片。

其格式为 data:{mimeType};base64,{code}

{mimeType}是指图片的格式类型,一般来说,JPG文件填写image/jpeg, GIF文件填写image/gif, PNG文件填写 image/png。

{code}是指图片二进制转换成base64的字符串。

(2)IE6、IE7浏览器

低版本的IE浏览器不支持img的src属性用data:image/jpeg这样写,但是我们可以使用mhtml调用附件资源的形式来处理图片。格式如下:

<!--
Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="imagedata"

--imagedata
Content-Type: image/jpeg
Content-Location: showimg
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64

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

--imagedata
Content-Type: image/jpeg
Content-Location: img2
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64

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base64图片在各种浏览器的兼容性处理

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